Inter-American Children's Institute
Director General: .Alejandro Bonasso
Av. 8 de Octubre 2904, Casilla de Correo 16212, Montevideo (11600)
Tel. (5982) 487 21 50, Fax: (5982) 487 32 42
Email: iin@redfacil.com.uy , Web Site: www.iin.oas.org


Español

 " Inter-American Democratic Chart "  

 

1.      Introduction 

The Inter-American Children’s Institute together with the Unit for the Promotion of Democracy (UPD) agreed to develop a video on  the Inter-American Democratic Chart in order to promote its diffusion and to generate greater citizenship awareness as well as a civic engagement in the countries of the region.  

Ing. Julio Rosenblatt, Coordinator of the IIN Inter-American Program of Information on Children and the Family, was the orginator of the idea of developing videos. 

The Video on the Inter-American Democratic Chart is a 49 seconds animated musical video interpreted by Eddie Peñalver (soloist) in Spanish with English subtitles. RAL (the Latin American Network) produced the video and Walter Tournier directed it.  

2.    Content[1] 

The approval of the Inter-American Democratic Chart (IDC) is the result of two long thought out processes whose aim was the expansion of democracy. On one hand it was the need to provide spaces of integration within the continent. On the other hand there was the growing awareness of the need to establish international normative and institutional mechanisms to protect the stability of democracy while respecting individual States' sovereignty and their right to self determination.  

On this last point it should be stressed that the IDC would be totally inefficient as a normative and political instrument if it would avoid or violate the principle of self determination of peoples or if it would mask the interventionism - open or disguised - of the powerful countries. The IDC is the result of a new regional and international political scene and is also the expression of an agreement among countries aware of the need to affirm and strengthen democratic institutions and practices as the necessary foundation for their full development.  

What is the use of the Inter-American Democratic Chart in our societies?  

The IDC is a valuable tool for the promotion of democracy in the region. Its usefulness can be clearly understood when analyzing its different areas of influence. In the first place, the IDC promotes multilateral action still respecting, as previously mentioned, the sovereignty of the Countries and the principle of self determination of peoples. This multilateral action can be taken to face an institutional crisis, a democratic breakdown or to deal with flagrant human rights violations of national populations, since it establishes the parameters within which the States should act. The IDC clearly and unequivocally defines what the American countries understand as democracy and also shows an advanced vision in matters pertinent to civil liberties and human rights.  

In second place, the IDC is a very useful instrument for the education of the younger generation of political and social leaders. Historically, in the majority of the region's political systems, the leaders grew up accustomed to practices and habits that today are considered alien, and even opposed, to democratic values. As a consequence, the socialization of the young political leaders from the perspective of affirming democracy is one of the main challenges for the consolidation of democracy in the region. The articles of the IDC contain the guiding principles and the political agreements within which the leaders of the next decades must be formally educated. They include the shared and wholehearted adhesion to a conception of the democratic values that radically transcends all diversities, even the legitimate diversity of origin, political parties and ideologies.  

In third place, the diffusion of the IDC through mass media will make a good portion of the population aware of their rights and of the forms to exercise those rights. In other words, the massive diffusion of the IDC is one of the main strategies for the development of a higher citizenship awareness and civic engagement. To sensitize public opinion through mass media - making citizens aware of their rights and able to demand them - implies the recognition that it is not possible to build solid and stable democratic institutions without the support of a public opinion imbued with democratic values and able to exercise them. 

In this regard, the analysis of the polls carried out by the Latinobarómetro give us a relevant and illustrative perspective. This network for pulsing the public opinion in the continent shows today some worrisome trends: a good portion of Latin American public opinion does not consider that democracy is functioning properly in their countries and does not consider it "the best system of government" when compared with other kinds of political regimes. Only 56% of the Latin American public opinion backed democracy last year as the best system, compared with 61% in Asia,  69% in Africa and 78% in Europe (Latinobarómetro 2002). The degree of satisfaction with the functioning of democracy in the countries of the region was even lower: 32%, compared with 55% in Asia, 58% in Africa and 53% in Europe.  

Finally the IDC has a fourth function: the consolidation and strengthening of democracy. We are talking about its role within the formal and informal educational system. The usefulness of the IDC in the education of children and adolescents, both within the formal educational systems (schools) and the informal one (communities) is paramount. In this process, the first step is to make teachers and community educators aware and familiar with the IDC for them to pass on this information and awareness to all children and adolescents. The idea is that the young generations be aware of the CDI not just as a normative text but as a set of values and practices incorporated into their schools, families and communities daily lives in a concrete and specific manner. 

3.     Target Public 

The Video on the Democratic Chart is targets the general public and specifically all the children in the region. 

The idea is to generate a communication strategy that highlights the importance of the Chart for all the American countries and promotes the exercise of democracy and its values as expressed in Art. 1 "the peoples of the Americas have the right to Democracy and their governments have the obligation to promote and defend it". 

4.    Broadcast times 

The suggestion is to broadcast the Video on the Inter-American Democratic Chart at a time when the whole family will have the opportunity to view it.  

The video's goal is "through mass media sensitize public opinion on their democratic rights and how to exercise and demand them. It is not possible to build solid and stable democratic institutions without a public opinion imbued with democratic values and able to fully exercise them".[2]

5.     Diffusion  

The Video on the "Inter-American Democratic Chart" will be shown by commercial channels and cable in the different countries of the region 

The video can be used by public and private networks in the different countries as a didactic tool to promote citizenship and civic engagement. The hope is to promote knowledge and adherence to the Democratic Chart among teachers and community educators and from there to arrive at the mass diffusion among children and adolescents. 

6.     Lyrics of the "Inter-American Democratic Chart" 

We all have it
You and them too
But we don
't always know
Just what to do
(Come on!)
We can make a better society
(We
've got to make it better)
We can learn to participate freely
(To truly participate)
We can defend our identity
(Defend it and you
'll see!)
We can work together equally
(All of us together, come on!)
We can do it
We can do it
We can do it
We can do it
The peoples of the Americas have the right to democracy
Inter-American Democratic Charter
 

7.    Information on the Inter-American Children’s Institute 

The Inter-American Children’s Institute (IIN) is a specialized organization of the OAS with headquarters in Montevideo, Uruguay, founded in 1927. 

In the 75th Meeting of its Directing Council held in Ottawa, the Strategic Plan 2000-2004 was approved. In this plan, the promotion of tools for the dissemination of the Convention on the Rights of the Child by means of communication strategies is suggested.

To implement this, for the last two years the IIN has been promoting the development of short videos of approximately one minute on issues related to the Convention on the Rights of the Child. These videos are being shown on commercial TV and by cable in all of Latin America. 

The work of the Inter-American Children’s Institute revolves around three important programs: 

a.        Program of Comprehensive Promotion of the Rights of the Child 

The Program of Comprehensive Promotion of the Rights of the Child, based on developing a Prototype of Focused Public Policies on Children, tries to promote measures and intervention projects to deal with the problems and needs of children and adolescents in circumstances of vulnerability, risk and social exclusion. 

This program has developed its Prototype of Focused Public Policies to deal with the problems mentioned in articles 23 (Handicap), 32 (Child Labor), 33 (Drug Abuse) and 34 (Sexual Exploitation) of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. 

b.      Inter-American Program of Information on Children and the Family (PIINFA) 

The main objective of PIINFA is the production and promotion of information systems directed to people and institutions working with children and adolescents in order to create pools of comprehensive information that will help generate changes in the life conditions of children and adolescents in the Americas.  

The projects of PIINFA provide focused services to deal with the primary needs of institutions, decision makers and planners working with children and families. They have also developed flexible information processing tools able to generate self evaluation data to facilitate adaptations and change. All the projects are tailored to the specific needs of each country, avoiding the rigidity of ready made general answers. 

The activities of PIINFA are centered on: 

-    The Latin American Information Network on Children (RIIN)
-    The information Systems for Monitoring Rights
-    The updating, modernization and computerization of the civil registries of the region so that the right to
     identity be upheld and respected.
 

c.       Juridical Program 

The Juridical Program (PROJUR) provides Member States of the OAS with services such as training, information, monitoring, research and specialized technical assistance in order to reinforce and support national systems of protection of children in the hemisphere.  

It also tries to provide modern juridical information to ruling bodies on children, facilitate research, train people responsible for institutional development and rights and provide technical assistance in the unfinished task of harmonizing national legislations with the principles of modern international norms.    

8.  Information on the Latin American Network

RAL, the Latin American Network, is an International non-profit Organization, with headquarters in Montevideo, Uruguay. Founded in 1996, RAL is governed by a Board of Directors composed of personalities from various Latin American countries. 

Objectives: 

COMMUNICATOR FOR INTEGRATION AND DEVELOPMENT: 

This would be the result of joint efforts by the Audiovisual and the Social Communication Industries of the region to promote and diffuse Latin American Audiovisual Production that will foster the process of integration, cultural patrimony, development and democratic values in Latin America. 

INFORMATION AND CONNECTIVITY NETWORK: 

A network in which television broadcasters and independent producers participate in the following activities: 

  • DIFFUSION of audiovisual productions in Latin America and sharing of information among members of the sector.

  • PRODUCTION and co-production of regional material.

  • PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT and presentation of new technologies and equipment.

  • STUDIES on viewers and audiences, and application of new technologies to the Latin American industry.

  • Implementation of LATIN AMERICAN TELEVISION NETWORK: RAL integrated by the main sectors of television and 
    social communication in Latin America.
     

·        PRODUCTION 

  • EL JEFE Y EL CARPINTERO  /  THE CHIEF AND THE CARPENTER, is the Latin American chapter of the series ANIMATED STORIES OF THE WORLD, a 13 minute animated film produced by RAL and directed by Walter Tournier. ANIMATED STORIES OF THE WORLD is a series of 26 chapters under the sponsorship of the World Summit of Children's Television. This series is a world co-production of S4C de Gales, Executive Producers, with the participation of well known television channels. The chapter produced by RAL was financed by Discovery Latin America. 

  • Y0 QUIERO (I WANT), an animated musical video directed by Walter Tournier with music and lyrics by Leo Croatto sang by Rubén Rada. This video is part of the Public Welfare Campaign on the Rights of the Child produced by RAL and sponsored by the Inter-American Children's Institute. 

  • In January of 2001 RAL started production of a special half hour Christmas version of The Chief and the Carpenter, in co-production with S4C de Gales, for the International Trust Television Fund of England. Of the 26 chapters of the series, The Chief and the Carpenter was selected for the Christmas special of 2001. 

  • RAL also develops co-production projects, acting as Executive Producer, together with television channels and production firms. 

PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT 

Sessions of technical/creative professional development and updating of new technologies to take place during the Encounters and through exchanges and internships 

STUDIES 

Studies and investigations carried on to facilitate the entry into the Latin American television market  of high quality programs produced by independent television broadcasters and producers whose goal is to promote integration, culture and development to television audiences in all of Latin America.  

TELEVISION STATIONS WHICH HAVE PARTICIPATED IN THE RAL ENCOUNTER: 

Argentina: ATC Argentina – Televisora Color, Buenos Aires; FORMAR, Buenos Aires; INFINITO, Buenos Aires; TV Quality, Buenos Aires.

Brasil: TV Educativa d RS, Porto Alegre; Rede Minas, Belo Horizonte – Minas Gerais; TV Cultura de Ouro Preto - Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais; TV Educativa RIO, Rio de Janeiro; TV Educativa de Bahía, Salvador Bahía; TV Educativa Paraná, Curitiba PR; TV Cultura Sao Pablo, Sao Pablo; TV Futura, Río de Janeiro; TV SENAC, Sao Pablo; TV PUC SP, Sao Pablo; TV UNIFESP Canal Universitario, Sao Pablo; Centro de Comunicaçao, Universidad Estadual Campinas SP.

Chile: TV Nacional de Chile, Santiago, Chile; Universidad Católica de Valparaíso Televisión

Colombia: La Franja, Ministerio de Cultura Bogotá; Canal Capital, Bogotá; Teleantioquia, Medellín

Costa Rica: SINART – Canal 13

Cuba: Televisión Cubana ICRT, La Habana

Ecuador: TV Más Guayaquil

México: TV UNAM México; Canal 40, México

Perú: Canal 7 Instituto Nacional de radio y TV T.N.P – Lima

Uruguay: Canal 10, Montevideo; Canal 5 SODRE, Montevideo; TV Ciudad, Montevideo

Venezuela: Venezolana de televisión, Caracas; Vale TV, Caracas; Art TV, Caracas

9.     Production of  the “Inter-American Democratic Chart” 

Credits: 

General Coordination:        Julio Rosenblatt
Direction:
                             Walter Tournier
Content Advisor:
                  Gerardo Caetano
Animation Director:      
       Roberto González
Animation
:                           Marcelo Cubelli, Pablo Fernández
3D Animation:
                      Victor Escardo
Postproduction
:                   Juan Andrés Montan
Editing
:                                Guillermo Casanova
Design
:                                 Laura Severi
Storyboard
:                          Mario Jacob, Juan Andrés Fontán, Roberto González, Laura Severi
Lyrics and Music:
                 Leonardo Croatto
Soloist
:                                 Eddie Peñalver
Choir
:                                   Lolo Iribarne, Manolo Sánchez, Wilfredo Acosta, Mariana Camacho, Julián y Emilia Croatto
Guitar
and Tres:                   Manolo Sánchez
Percussion
:                          Sergio Tulbovitz
Keyboard:
                            Leonardo Croatto   

WALTER TOURNIER – Director 

Uruguay (1944)
Educator in Uruguay and Perú

Animator, Director of Animation
 

FILMS: 

1974         “EN LA SELVA HAY MUCHO POR HACER”. Animation, 35mm, 17´ Uruguay.
1980     
   “EL CÓNDOR Y EL ZORRO”. Animation, 35mm, 10 min. Perú.
1981
        “EL CLAVEL DESOBEDIENTE”. Marionettes and  animation, 35mm, 10 min.  Perú
1983   
     EN EL PAPEL UN SUEÑO”. Documentary, 16mm, 11 min. Peru.
1986     
   “LOS CUENTOS DE DON VERÍDICO”. Marionettes and  animation, video, 4 chapters, 7 min. each. Uruguay.
1988
        “OCTAVIO PODESTÁ”. Documentary, video, 21 min. Uruguay.
1990   
     “LOS ESCONDITES DEL SOL”. Animation, 35mm, 40 min. Uruguay.
1992
         “LA RAMBLA MONTEVIDEANA”. Documentary, video, 30 min. Uruguay.
1992/1999
  Animated commercial for  several clients.
1997     
   “LOS TATITOS”. Animation, videos, 7 one hour and thirty minutes chapters de. Uruguay.
1998
         Director and marionette designer for the movie “EL SIGLO DEL VIENTO”,   directed by Fernando Birri.
1999     
   “EL JEFE Y EL CARPINTERO”. Animation 13 min. A chapter or the series:     “Cuentos Animados del Mundo”.
2000
         “Yo Quiero”.  Anuncio de Bien Público - Animation on the Rights of the Child.
2000     
   “NAVIDAD CARIBEÑA  – Special half hour animation in co-production with S4C de Gales and the Children's International Television Foundation
 

PRIZES WON: 

1978          Festival Internacional de Bilbao, España.
1979
          Premio Jean Vigo, Francia.
1980
          Premio Episcopado Peruano. Perú.
1981
           Premios CETUC. Perú.
1983
           Premios Asociación de Cineastas del Perú.
1980/1984
  Dos Premios Festival Internacional de Cine Latinoamericano. Habana, Cuba.
1990          
Premio SODRE, Uruguay.
1990
           Premio Video Latinoamericano. Rosario, Argentina.
1990         
Premio Video Latinoamericano. Asunción, Paraguay.
1992
           Premios Festival Internacional de Cine Infantil.  Uruguay.
1992
           Premio Festival Latinoamericano. Caracas, Venezuela.   
1992
           Premio festival Internacional Cine para Niños. Chicago, Estados Unidos.
1992
           Premio Festival Cortometrajes Oberhaussen, Alemania.
1998
          Premio UNESCO, Festival Internal. de Cine para Niños y Jóvenes. Uruguay.
1999
          Campana de Oro, a campaña mayor un minuto. Uruguay.
2000
          Premio oro - producción cine publicitario. FIAP. Argentina.
2000
         Mejor Corto, Mejor Película Latinoamericana, UNESCO, Premio del Jurado de Niños
               
por "EL Jefe y el Carpintero”-  DIVERCINE, Festival Internacional de Cine para Niños y Jóvenes, Uruguay
 

LEONARDO IVAN CROATTO
Composer, Interpreter, Sound Engineer.
 

Born in Montevideo in 1959. Completed his studies in music in Argentina and in Italy, at the University of Bologna in the Faculty of Philosophy and Arts Music Department, receiving in 1987 the title of "Doctor of Arts, Music and Entertainment". 

He has been teaching at the University School of Music since 1989 and at Communication Sciences, where he teaches "Music and Sound in the Cinema and Television" since 1997. He has been a collaborator for the "Musica/Realtà" magazine, between 1984 and 1987, in Milan, Italy, and a music critic for the weekly publication "Alternativa" y "Brecha" between 1988 y 1992 in Montevideo. 

Staged music for theatrical plays: "Varela, el reformador" , "Los Grillos", "La  secreta obscenidad de cada día", "Veinte años no es nada", "Ah  Machos","Raúl aprende a bordar", "Peer  Gynt"  (nominated music for the  Florencio Award 1991), "Rompiendo Códigos" ( Florencio Award 1994), "Paquete de mentiras". 

Music for audiovisual productions: ”Bañados, el secreto de las aguas", ”Pantanal", "India  muerta", “La quimera de la costa” Hilary Sandison documentary, prod. "Imágenes", 1990-1996. "Color de Tristecías" and "Dudosa  Pasión” short film by Pablo  Rodriguez , Producciones del tomate, 1990-1991; "Amigo invisible", from the series of short films of animation "Madre Tierra", "Imágenes", 1991; "Tierra  Olvidada", "Arrinconados”, “El camino de la madera”, “Gente en obra”, documentaries by Mario  Jacob, "Imágenes", 1991-1992; “Héctor”, in co-authorship with Rubén Olivera, Director José Pedro Charlo, 2000. 

Other compositions: "Mina" y "L'immaginario erotico nell'arte", background music for an arts exhibition in Bologna, Italy 1986-1987. Electro-acoustic works "Digital number one for violin and tambourine" and "Digital number two for bandoneón shows", Premiere at Núcleo Música Nueva, 1995-1996; "Entrelíneas", for Marimba  (1998), premiered in Buenos Aires by percussionist Ángel Frette. 

Activities carried out within the popular music scene, performing as a guitarist and singer with different groupings in various cities of Europe, United States and Latin America from 1980 to 1987. Recorded of two records, in Puerto Rico (1984) and in Italy (1985), edited in Italy (1984 y 1985) and Peru  (1987). Musical and instrumental arrangements for Uruguayan records (Eduardo Darnauchans, Esteban Klisich, Mauricio Ubal, Washington Carrasco y Cristina Fernández, Antimurga BCG, Javier Cabrera y Julio Brum, Jorge Bonaldi, Laura Canoura, and Rubén Olivera). 

In 1992 Leonardo Croatto and Carlos da Silveira founded a company "Mambo/Sonus" to provide postproduction audio services for films and videos, as well as musical productions for advertisements.  Since 1992 they have produced for large advertising agencies and firms in this medium.  

Other musical productions by Mambo/SonuS, "Distracción Fatal", fiction that is directed by Mayda Moubayed. “El jefe y el carpintero”, from the Series ANIMATED TALES OF THE WORLD, directed by Walter Tournier, co-production of RAL (Red América Latina) with S4C-Wales, England, and Discovery Kids, USA, 2000. “Yo Quiero”, Rights of the Child campaign, animation, directed by W.Tournier and produced by RAL with the support of the Inter-American Children's Institute, 2000. “Porto Alegre-una experiencia de autogestión”, documentary, directed by Hilary Sandison, Co-produced Uruguay-England, 2001. Series of micro-programs in animation  “Los Tatitos”, co-production Artear-Color 9, Montevideo-Buenos Aires, 2001.



[1] Caetano, Gerardo: “La Carta Democrática Interamericana: algunas claves para su difusión”.

[2] Caetano, Gerardo: “La Carta Democrática Interamericana: algunas claves para su difusión”.